India and Pakistan's Cricket Battle: Exactly What's Needed - TIME
Talking about the World Cup match against Pakistan, Tendulkar Talking about personal relations with the Pakistani players, the ace. Today Indo-Pak cricket offers a The last World Cup may be View all notes] as well as the rising heat of Indo-Pak foreign relations over the. PDF | Cricket is the favourite sport throughout South Asia. It can unite analysis of the way India–Pakistan relations have been reﬂ ected in their cricketing .. that for India during World Cup 'cricket has ﬁ nally achieved, for the nation.
By relations were becoming more cordial and it was decided that Pakistan should tour India in January and February. This series was put in jeopardy by the Hindu nationalist party, Shiv Sena. As part of the ruling coalition that governed India, Shiv Sena threatened that it could withdraw parliamentary support if the series went ahead Guha The Bharatiya Janata Party BJPthe leading party in the governing coalition, refused to be cowed by such threats, even after the Shiv Sena dug up the cricket pitch in Delhi where the match was due to be played Guha The one dark stain on the tour was the third Test match in Kolkata.
After a controversial run-out of Sachin Tendulkar by fast bowler Shoaib Akhtar, the crowd became so hostile that the match had to be finished in an empty stadium. This incident occurred at the same time as the Lahore Summit and Shaharyar Khan, manager of the Pakistan cricket team during the tour, feared that this confrontation on the field could harm Indo-Pak relations Khan a: South Asian Survey 16, 1 However, only a few months later the bilateral relationship was in tatters again as Pakistani militia, aided by the Pakistan Army crossed the Line of Control LoC in Kashmir and held a sensitive vantage point overlooking Highway One running between Srinagar and Leh.
After Kargil, the Indian government decided that bilateral matches would again be prohibited until Pakistan stopped supporting the insurgency in Kashmir.
India vs Pakistan World Cup 2003 Clash Best Game of my Life, says Sachin Tendulkar
When India and Pakistan played a World Cup match in England during the Kargil war, extra police were drafted in because there were fears that the match might cause the first riots at a cricket match in England Guha In the end there was very little trouble, but the English and Asian newspapers in Britain contrasted the match with the battle that was being fought in the Himalayas Guha Former Indian cricketer Kapil Dev argued that cricket should not be played against Pakistan until it stopped supporting Kashmiri insurgency Chatterjee It should however be noted that these politicians are all associated with Hindu chauvinism, so it could be reasoned that the two causes are connected.
After Kargil the Indian government decided to enforce sporting sanctions against Pakistan and the two countries did not play a full series against each other again until By — all forms of diplomacy including Track II initiatives had been broken off by India, so a proscription on cricket matches was not out of kilter with prevailing trends Sahni Afterwhen both India and Pakistan carried out nuclear tests, the rest of the world became increasingly concerned about the state of Indo-Pak relations, the high point of tensions coming in when there were genuine fears that nuclear war could be imminent.
The US, traditionally an ally of Pakistan, took responsibility to put pressure on both sides to ease the tension Chatterjee Peace initiatives were carried out through Track III diplomacy by non-governmental organisations NGOsthe media and people-to-people contact Chatterjee Bythe relationship between India and Pakistan was improving so Vajpayee took the decision to lift the ban on bilateral matches and suggested that India should tour Pakistan in early Bhattacharya Members of the Indian government, including Prime Minister Vajpayee, travelled to Pakistan for a regional summit in January that was widely regarded as far more positive than the bilateral summit at Agra in However, there was much debate in the Indian media about whether it was a good idea or not.
Some raised the spectre of the Munich Olympics in when Palestinian terrorists kidnapped and killed Israeli athletes—an event of this nature would destroy Indo-Pak relations forever. However, others argued that not going would be an affront to Pakistan and would harm relations. This series was historic in that it was the first time that an Indian team had won in Pakistan and despite all doom-mongers, there was no trouble. Indian fans, journalists and cricketers who had crossed the border were overwhelmed by Pakistani hospitality and returned to India praising their newfound friends Bhattacharya ; Khan a: Cricket and National Consciousness India and Pakistan are both cricket crazy nations; for both countries cricket is a way of expressing national pride and consciousness.
Both countries take accusations of cheating as a slur on the nation. Inmatch referee Mike Denness penalised Indian hero Sachin Tendulkar for ball tampering; Tendulkar was subsequently banned for one match. In India the history of politicians in cricket also goes back a long way. Indian team selections have even been debated in parliament.
The relationship between sport and politics in India is mutually beneficial: It has been suggested that the rise of cricket nationalism in India during the s can be linked to the rise of Hindu chauvinism at the same time Guha He argued that Indian Muslims must prove that they were not Pakistani sympathisers and not anti-national by supporting India in cricket rather than Pakistan: There have been many occasions when Muslims have supported Pakistan rather than India in matches—and conversations that I have had with Indian Kashmiri Muslims support this view.
Rahman, as role models for the Muslim population of India Guha There have been a number of studies on sport as a means to assert contested ethnic identities; sport can give ethnic minorities the chance to participate in society whilst maintaining their individual ethnicity.
In India this phenomenon has been explained thus: Using cricket as a way to express an al- ternative identity is not an exclusively Indian preserve. In Sri Lanka, there is plenty of documentary evidence of Tamils supporting teams other than their national side, whether it be the Australians in the recent World Cup final or India Manoharan Confusion over national identity is compounded by a sharp distinction between class, regional and religious identities Cohen Hostility to India and support for Kashmir are unifiers Cohen During the s, India saw a rise in Hindu chauvinism; this was shaped in part by the Hindutva consciousness proposed by the BJP.
This consciousness was connected with support for the reconstruction of the Ram temple, the remains of which were said to lie under the Babri Mosque at Ayodhya. As the communal riots of Mumbai in and the Gujarat riots of show, this tension has never completely dissipated.
Cricket, particularly India—Pakistan cricket matches, tends to bring these feelings to the fore. During the cricket World Cup of there was little or no overt support for Pakistan from Indian Muslims, unlike during previous tournaments. In Kolkata the police force decided after South Asian Survey 16, 1 India went on to win the match and there were wide-scale celebrations throughout the country. On the whole, Indian Muslims joined in these celebrations, however in some areas they were actively prevented from doing so.
In Ahmedabad this caused rioting and one Muslim was killed; similar violence also occurred during the World Cup Dasgupta After the match was won, the Indian Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister phoned the Indian cricket team to congratulate them; this was unusual as normally such phone calls would only be made if the team had won the tournament Chatterjee The Indian Finance Minister, Jaswant Singh, took the extraordinary move of announcing that the Indian team would not have to pay income tax on their earnings from the match, this was in stark contrast to the Pakistan team who had their tournament fees slashed by 50 per cent for losing to India Dasgupta Later inwhen the issue of bilateral India—Pakistan matches was raised, very few argued against government bans Chatterjee During the run-up to the tour of India by Pakistan there were fears that violence might occur during the matches.
Within India, cricket has often been divisive, with Hindus accusing Muslims of being Pakistani supporters. This may now be changing; wide-scale support for the Indian team in the World Cup from both Muslims and Hindus suggests that this is the case. However, it can also be used as a way of uniting diverse groups.
Traditional methods of conflict resolution such as government diplomacy focus largely on state structures and the international system. Non-traditional methodologies, such as peacemaking and peacekeeping, the media, economic incentives and the role of NGOs, Track I, II and III diplomacy and gender emancipation, work within all five paradigms in order to promote peace or conflict Ahmar Many members of the Indian and Pakistani cricket boards are from the middle- or upper-tier elites, as the examples of Shaharyar Khan and Sharad Pawar suggest.
India vs Pakistan World Cup Clash Best Game of my Life, says Sachin Tendulkar | Cricket News
Byrne and Keashly Business can also help conflict de-escalation because economic development, or the lack of it, can be linked to the economic and social competition that is associated with most ethno-political conflict Byrne and Keashly MNCs have closely allied themselves with cricket sponsorship in order to reach out to the wider population on the subcontinent.
Finally, Byrne and Keashly Before the series was confirmed, Shiv Sena threatened the Pakistani cricket team if they travelled to India. They dug up the cricket pitch at the Ferozeshah Kotla ground in Delhi, ransacked the Mumbai Cricket Board offices, threw bricks at the Pakistan High Commission in Delhi and announced that they would release live snakes into the crowd if the tour went ahead Khan a: In the run-up to the tour there was an ongoing debate in Pakistan about whether undertaking such a trip was a good or bad idea.
Those who supported the tour argued that cricket should not be held hostage to extremists and that if the series went ahead it could help reduce tensions between India and Pakistan. Those who were against touring South Asian Survey 16, 1 Islamic extremist parties said Pakistan should have no contact with India until the Kashmir issue was settled Khan a: Eventually Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif took the decision that the tour should go ahead. The tour ended as a huge success and the Pakistani team was welcomed almost everywhere they went in India, barring one nasty incident in Kolkata when the sta- dium had to be emptied due to crowd trouble.
Despite the successes of the tour, shortly afterwards Indo-Pak relations took a tumble for the worse due to the Kargil invasion by the Pakistani Army. Eventually talk turned to re-establishing bilateral cricketing ties again. As with the run-up to the tour of India by Pakistan inthere was considerable debate in India about whether the national team should travel to Pakistan.
In December there were two assassination attempts on General Musharraf, which unsettled the Indian camp. Some said that touring was a huge risk; if something happened to the Indian team the impact on Indo-Pak relations would be disastrous, while others argued that not touring would send out the wrong signals and could destroy the nascent peace process Bhattacharya Indian Deputy Prime Minister, L.
Ironically, India won the series but the BJP lost the election. The Indian tour was a huge success, with about 20, Indian fans travelling to Pakistan Khan a: As a CBM, cricket appeared to have outstripped the negative political implications.
The India—Pakistan cricket match in Delhi came at a time when Pakistan felt that India was stalling on the peace process Croft For Musharraf, the cricket match gave him an opportunity for high level, unofficial talks aimed at moving the process onwards.
Musharraf mentioned that he would like to watch a match, though only if invited. Indian officials quickly issued an invitation to one of the matches. Photos of the two leaders watching the match together were broadcast throughout the world. Cricket provided the context for these photos to be taken.
The Pakistani President stayed on in Delhi for three days of unofficial talks after the match. The talks were the first time that the new Indian Prime Minister had met the Pakistani leader and were widely regarded as positive Bhattacharya The fact that Pakistani leaders have consciously used cricket matches as a way of engaging with Indian leaders indicates that they believe cricket can be used as Track II diplomacy.
Shaharyar Khan b highlights the import attached to India—Pakistan matches: Since the late s, US and European organisations have been encouraging Track II and Track III diplomacy in the subcontinent, believing that increased contacts between Indians and Pakistanis can help break down the stereotypes that are barriers to peace Cohen Cricket provides a good opportunity for such interaction.
This is especially true in India and Pakistan. The pre-Partition generation has an ambiguous view of Pakistan or India. Whereas some South Asian Survey 16, 1 The rapturous applause given to the Pakistanis in Chennai in and to the Indians in Karachi in was beamed across both countries on television. These events showed a different face of Indo-Pak relations—one of friendship and harmony—instead of the one normally portrayed in the media.
While there was a hiatus and downturn in Indo-Pak relations between the Chennai and Karachi matches, since bilateral matches have continued on an annual basis, which may continue to help promote more positive exchanges between the two nations. During the Indian tour of Pakistan, it is estimated that 20, Indian fans crossed the border; some who had been born in Pakistan visited their former homes; others were given such generous hospitality that they returned home as ambassadors for Pakistan Khan b.
Not the manufactured public opinion that you see from speeches and editorials and television broadcasts…. Varun Sahni carried out a review of opinion polls in India in the print and television media between and and he concluded that poverty, unemployment and education were consistently ranked as the highest issues of concern; Indo-Pak or Hindu—Muslim relations were rarely mentioned Sahni He wants to be able to have a house, have a school, to have clean water. For many Indians and Pakistanis, cricket offers the chance to explore a country they would never normally get the chance to visit.
Ratnakar Shetty, manager of the Indian tour to Pakistan, also recounted how the Indian team visited villages, advertised a Polio eradication programme and how Rahul Dravid met students in Lahore. This sort of cultural interaction is important for bettering relations between the two countries as it gives local people the chance to meet their heroes.
There has been a definite change in the atmosphere at Indo-Pak matches. In in Bangalore, Marqusee saw hand written signs welcoming the tourists, praising Indo-Pak friendship and declaring that cricket is the path to peace Marqusee As noted above, cricket tours bring with them the chance to experience other coun- tries.
It has even been the cause for a brief waiving of visa restrictions in the past. Interaction between Track I and Track III Diplomacy Shaharyar Khan argues that the recent positive relations between Indian and Pakistani cricket fans and players have forced the governments to work harder towards peace. Khan met with Indian cricketers, politicians and newspaper editors during the tour and they discussed the benefits of a successful tour. It is possible to question whether cricket can have any influence on relations between the two countries, especially when the tour was so successful and was followed less than two months later with vitriol spilling over the border again.
However, it can South Asian Survey 16, 1 Furthermore, Track III diplomacy will always be vulnerable to the negative impact of violent conflict. Track III diplomacy needs time in order to bring about changes in attitude and build trust, so that a constituency for peace can be established.
In this concluding section the main points of the argument are summarised and some conclusions drawn about how India and Pakistan use cricket diplomacy.
CBMs are used to keep the channels of communication open and help build trust in contexts when suspicion and enmity define the relationship between nations. Official CBMs are practical by nature: Unofficial CBMs are far more nebulous; they are harder to define but no less important in breaking down mistrust. The actors involved in such discussions can be government members in an informal capacity or retired military, diplomatic and bureaucratic officials in the context of Track II diplomacy; and businesses, people-to-people contact or NGOs in Track III diplomacy.
This article attempted to present evidence that bilateral cricket matches between India and Pakistan operate through all these channels: A key finding of this study is that Pakistan and India use cricket diplomacy in differing ways.
Pakistani leaders have seized upon cricket matches on two occasions to force high level but unofficial meetings with their Indian counterparts. The policy of Pakistan, it seems, is to use cricket as a way to keep the door open on talks and build trust. India, by contrast, has more consciously used cricket as a form of diplomatic sanc- tion, arguing that cricket cannot be played whilst Pakistan supports the insurgency in Kashmir Chatterjee The doctor comes on and administers some water.
Is he a fully-trained doctor? Oh Lordy, Andrea's back. In my defence, I was in the bath and it wouldn't be wise to have taken the laptop with me," she scribbles, while probably cackling like a mad hat.
Kaif b Alfridi 35 Finally, a breakthrough as Kaif plays an innocuous leg spinner on to his stumps. Alfridi, states Sean Ingle, who's butchered the whole IT department, looks a lot like Sean Ryder, only before the pies and smack took their cruel hold. India Razzaq's finger seems to be holding up OK, thanks no doubt to that magic water treatment.
Another tidy over from the Pakistan International Airlines player, whose figures of are the best of the Pakistan bunch. India Tendulkar drives the ball back towards the whites of Afridi's eyes, then breathes a sigh of relief when the Ryder doppelganger flaps his hand like the Queen and watches it fly by for two. Four off the over. India Tendulkar, looking as though he's shaken his injury off, exploits a gap through mid off to smack four off Afridi. He's three short of his century.
At the half way mark, India are looking on course for qualification, especially with Akhtar returning to the fray. The biggest mistake Churchill made was not to introduce cricket and rugby in Deutschland! India Akhtar returns, as Tendulkar's injury is confirmed as nothing more than a slight thigh strain, and posts what, for him on current form, is a respectable over. India Shaun Ryder returns and helps India on their way with five off the over. My eyes are drooping like that ill-looking Italian chef's on Tony and Giorgio, Giorgio, I'm guessing, and my brain stopped functioning several overs ago, as the text above will confirm.
Stay with me, for Sean Ingle is soon to collect the baton. Meanwhile, a public service announcement They're quite willing to accommodate cricket fans in the dead of winter. India Ah, that "mere thigh strain" seems to have flared up again, with Tendulkar hobbling like Long John Silver. We're currently enjoying a short tourist board film as the players enjoy a drinks break and Sachin has his leg rubbed by a man in a white gown.
He's currently just two shy of his century. If only, from Pakistan's point of view, Razzaq had caught the little man when he was on just That seems like several weeks ago now, though. Tendulkar 98 b Shoaib c Younis The injustice of it all. Tendulkar's supreme innings is finally over, just as a runner joins him at the crease. A quicker, almost unplayable delivery from Shoaib reared up, caught the splice of the bat and allowed Younis to take a diving catch at gully.
A vital wicket at a vital time. They're performing with renewed vigour and could yet take this one to the wire, wherever that might be. One off the over, courtesy of a very tidy spell from Wasim Akram.
Yuvraj Singh is in to bat. India Dravid and Yuvraj need to see this spell through, as despite another costly over, Shoaib looks to be finding his range at long last. Now is truly a time for cool heads, which is why I'm clocking off and passing you over to Sean Ingle. Thanks for all your emails, and if you could send any more to Sean, you'll make him a very happy man. India Good afternoon everyone, Sean Ingle here.
Apologies for what's about to follow: Wasim - after being pelted about early - has found his line. Dravid is content to keep it safe and, as a result, just one run comes from the over. India Two close calls for India: Dravid is beaten for pace twice but Shoaib doesn't reap any rewards. Meanwhile, Andrea is back. This is a tough one," she says.
India v Pakistan: the India innings
Of course, if I leave the flat, I'll miss the rest of the coverage. I know you're only joking about leaving too, because the Guardian would never give you the keys to the manacles they obviously use in their journalistic sweat-shop. PS Er, you do realise I'm not actually this scary, right?
Poetic license and all that.
India A change in the bowling: Waqar comes on, his necklace jingle-jangling in the breeze like a Jim'll-Fix-It-contestant - but while he's definitely getting some swing, he's also a tad expensive. To start with he's a touch profligate - but with his final delivery he looks like he's struck gold: No - the replay clearly shows it hit bat not pad. India More good batting from India, Pakistan's heads have started to drop.
What outcome is best for England? Whatever happens here, England can still be knocked out - even if they beat Australia - providing Zimbabwe beat Pakistan. Each team then would have finished with 12 points and the third place in the Super Sixes would go to the side with the best run rate. Hope that's of some help.
India Missed that over completely, sorry. India It must be game over now: Yurvaj Singh and Rahul Dravid's partnership is now Also, any suggestion for some good dry red? India Six off the over as the Indian procession continues.
It is evil I tell you. India The last throw of the dice: It's a good over, full of pace and reasonable intent, and only three comes from it.
But it doesn't produce the wicket Pakistan desperately need. India News from Jo'burg: Kenya have beaten Bangladesh by 32 runs and are definitely through to the Super Sixes. Who would have thought that before the tournament started?
Or indeed an over-by-over reporter going stir crazy after seven long days in the office with a flashing light above your head.
India More of the same at Centurion: India now need just 31 more runs to win off 54 balls. Incidentally, the Kenyans are now doing an enthusiastic lap of honour round the pitch, full of flag-waving and funk-dancing. Good on them, I say. India We're all just waiting for the inevitable here, aren't we? I feel your pain Sean, I'm editing a badly written high school newspaper. India Shoaib's last over is much like his previous nine: Meanwhile this fascinating insight from across the pond: India Good bowling from Wasim Akram who finishes with figures ofnot bad at all considering he took a beating-like-your-mother-used-to-give-you from Tendulkar earlier.
Surely not now, Joy: