Mahalia Jackson | serii.info
Press Photo Minters Sigmund Galloway Singer Mahalia Jackson Husband. and international relations from Harvard University (then Radcliffe College). Jan 27, Mahalia Jackson (mə-HAY-lee-ə; October 26, – January 27, .. (– ) and Sigmund Galloway (–), were mentioned in her will. .. its relation to faith and God, rather than the individual subsumed into the. Mahalia Jackson was an American gospel singer. Possessing a powerful contralto voice, she .. Robinson. Neither of her ex-husbands, Isaac Hockenhull ( –) and Sigmund Galloway (–), were mentioned in her will.
Possessing a powerful contralto voice, she was referred to as "The Queen of Gospel". With the blueswhen you finish, you still have the blues.
The three-room dwelling on Pitt Street housed thirteen people and a dog. This included Little Mahala named after her aunt, Mahala Clark-Paul whom the family called Aunt Duke ; her brother Roosevelt Hunter, whom they called Peter; and her mother Charity Clark, who worked as both a maid and a laundress.
Several aunts and cousins lived in the house as well. Aunt Mahala was given the nickname "Duke" after proving herself the undisputed "boss" of the family. The extended family the Clarks consisted of her mother's siblings: Paul Clark, a former slave. Jackson's father, John A. He fathered five other children besides Mahalia: Her father's sister, Jeanette Jackson-Burnett, and her husband, Josie, were vaudeville entertainers. Their son, her cousin Edward, shared stories and records of Ma RaineyMamie Smith and Bessie Smithwhose voices and blues singing impressed her so much that she would imitate their ways of bending and coloring notes.Jazz Fest Memories - Mahalia Jackson
Her voice and singing style would be compared to Bessie Smith's all her life. The doctors wanted to perform surgery by breaking her legs, but one of the resident aunts opposed it. Jackson's mother would rub her legs down with greasy dishwater. The condition never stopped young Jackson from performing her dance steps for the white woman for whom her mother and Aunt Bell cleaned house.
Aunt Duke assumed this responsibility, and the children were forced to work from sun-up to sun-down. Aunt Duke would always inspect the house using the "white glove" method.
If the house was not cleaned properly, Jackson was beaten. If one of the other relatives could not do their chores or clean at their job, Jackson or one of her cousins was expected to perform that particular task. School was hardly an option. Her Aunt Bell told her that one day she would sing in front of royalty, a prediction that would eventually come true. At 12 years old, she was baptized in the Mississippi River by Mt. Moriah's pastor, the Rev. Lawrence, then went back to the church to "receive the right hand of fellowship ".
She began touring the city's churches and surrounding areas with the Johnson Gospel Singers, one of the earliest professional gospel groups. Dorseyknown as the Father of Gospel Music.
He gave her musical advice, and in the mids they began a year association of touring, with Jackson singing Dorsey's songs in church programs and at conventions. She refused to sing secular music, a pledge she would keep throughout her professional life. However, when she returned to the Abernathy's home, it had been bombed. The boycott finally ended on December 21,when federal injunctions were served, forcing Montgomery to comply with the court ruling.
One account of this was when she tried to buy a house in Chicago. Everywhere she went, the white owners and real estate agents would turn her away, claiming the house had already been sold or they changed their minds about selling.
When she finally found a house, the neighbors were not happy. Shots were fired at her windows and she had to contact the police for protection. White families started moving out and black families started moving in. Everything remained the same in her neighborhood except for the skin color of the residents.
Board of Education decision. In a SCLC press release, he wrote she had "appeared on numerous programs that helped the struggle in the South, but now she has indicated that she wants to be involved on a regular basis". Toward the end of the speech, he departed from his prepared text for a partly improvised peroration on the theme "I have a dream", prompted by Jackson's cry: Chicago and New Orleans.
Beginning in Chicago, outside the Greater Salem Baptist Church, 50, people filed silently past her mahogany, glass-topped coffin in final tribute to the queen of gospel song.
Leon Jenkins, Mayor Richard J. Coretta Scott King eulogized her during the Chicago funeral as "a friend — proud, black and beautiful". Jacksonpresident of the National Baptist Convention, U. Three days later, a thousand miles away, the scene repeated itself: McKeithen joined gospel singer Bessie Griffin.
Dick Gregory praised Jackson's "moral force" as the main reason for her success. Moriah Baptist Church, where her recordings played through loudspeakers. Started singing in small Baptist churches in New Orleans and Chicago; worked as a laundress; made first recording.
Martin Luther King, Jr. After searching for the right church to join, a place whose music spoke to her, she ended up at the Greater Salem Baptist Church, to which her aunt belonged. She was invited to be a soloist and started singing additionally with a quintet that performed at funerals and church services throughout the city.
When did Mahalia Jackson get married
During the Great Depressionshe knew she could earn more money singing the songs that her relatives considered profane and blasphemous. But when her beloved grandfather was struck down by a stroke and fell into a coma, Jackson vowed that if he recovered she would never even enter a theater again, much less sing songs of which he would disapprove.
He did recover, and Mahalia never broke that vow. She never dismissed the blues as antireligious, like her relatives had done: