Modi-Putin meet: How India, Russia balance US-China domination - India News
Modi defies Trump to edge closer to Putin. New Delhi tries to balance ties with US and Russia as it faces up to China. Sreeram Chaulia October. Putin-Modi meet: How India should deal with a defanged superpower Russia has also managed to complicate its relationship with one of its. Modi-Putin Summit: What's on the Agenda for India-Russia Defense and since then, the relationship has been elevated to a “Special and.
We share long-standing historical ties, and Mr. President is my personal friend and a friend of India," Modi said at the meeting, aimed at underscoring close ties.
I am very glad that it was so," Modi told Putin. Major international issues were the focus of the talks between the two leaders. Relationship characterised by deep trust, mutual respect and immense goodwill! Reinvigorating ties Earlier this month, Modi sent his top emissaries to Russia in what analysts say are moves aimed at reinvigorating ties with a traditional ally after a brief period of coolness.
Top Indian officials were sent to Moscow ahead of Modi's trip.
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We would like to continue with our partnerships with both Russia and Iran. And we would like to do so by not impacting our partnership with the US PS Raghavan, Chief of National Security Advisory Board "What New Delhi is essentially doing is to reaffirm the long-standing robust relationship between the two and continue to support each other on crucial geopolitical matters like Iran and BRICS [an association of five emerging economies: As the right-wing government of Prime Minister Modi pursued closer ties with Washington since it came to power inrelations between India and Russia had taken a back-seat.
Trump's America-first policy A report in Russian business daily, Kommersant, in November last year said Moscow was miffed with India reportedly allowing US forces access to a Russian-built nuclear-powered submarine that is currently on lease to the Indian navy.
The report quoted Russian officials considering these as "unfriendly acts towards Russia". Moscow has long been the main supplier of military equipment to India, but in recent years, New Delhi has been inching towards the US and Israel for weapons supply. But with Trump's America-first policy — as part of which the US has slapped new trade tariffs affecting Indian and Chinese firms, New Delhi is working to improve its relations with Russia and China. In April, Indian Defence Minister Sitharaman, in an address at a security conference in Moscow said, "Russia has re-established its role and influence in global strategic and defence matters".
India is friends with and trades extensively with Russia and Iran that are currently facing American sanctions. New Delhi, one of the biggest buyers of Iranian crude, will have to find measures to nullify the effect of US sanctions on Iran, which would certainly be high on the agenda of talks between Modi and Putin, experts say.
Putin-Modi meet: How India should deal with a defanged superpower
Russian military hardware accounted for 62 percent of India's total weapons imports during the past five years, the Stockholm Peace Research Institute said in a report this year. In Novemberthe Turkish Air Force shot down a Russian Su warplane that accidentally entered its airspace - for all of 17 seconds. And what did the Russians do? After promising to make Turkey pay, they inked a deal to sell Ankara the powerful S missile defence system, which ironically would allow the Turks to shoot down Russian jets more efficiently.
In Aprilthe United States conducted air strikes on targets deep inside Syria, a close Russian ally. However, despite having high-octane weaponry such as Sukhoi jet fighters and the S on Syrian military bases, Moscow did nothing - apart from issuing threats. If this is how Russia is 'protecting' an ally, then it is clear why Moscow has only a handful of friends left on the global chessboard. Russia may still be a major military power, but there's no denying its diminished geopolitical status.
Its only ally is China, which even the Russians know is as trustworthy as a Nigerian bank account. The Russian economy has been shrinking for decades and could drop out of the world's top ten before the end of the next decade.
Take out oil, gas and weapons from the equation and Moscow has little to offer the world. Russia has also managed to complicate its relationship with one of its oldest allies - India. While geopolitically both countries have a similar outlook, there is a relentless drift in bilateral relations, and this is starkly evident in defence ties.
Although Russia continues to have a substantial 68 per cent share of India's defence imports, in the coming decade Moscow is unlikely to be India's primary weapons supplier. According to a US Congressional Research Service report titled 'Conventional Arms Transfers to Developing Nations ', "This pattern of Indian arms purchases indicates that Russia will likely face strong new competition from other major weapons suppliers for the Indian arms market, and it can no longer be assured that India will consistently purchase its major combat systems.
The geopolitical windfall India has landed from awarding weapons contracts to the US in particular is incalculable. The isolation of Pakistan in Washington is partly a result of the billions of weapons India has purchased from the US.
Modi meets Putin as India walks US-Russia tightrope
In contrast, there is little incentive for India to boost ties with Russia. However, such a state of drift must not continue because Russia is critically important to India's growing indigenous defence industry. Defence technology is highly proprietary in nature and Western nations have time and time again refused to part with it. However, with Russia the experience has been different.
Why Russia matters During the Cold War years, India and the US had an adversarial relationship, leading to much heartburn on both sides. Once the Russian arms pipeline was in full flow, India showed little interest in American hardware. This suited Pakistan, which was flooded with advanced weapons and billions of dollars in grants that allowed Islamabad to wage war against India and also develop nuclear weapons.
A similar situation could arise in relations with Russia if things are allowed to drift. In this backdrop, New Delhi should keep a pipeline open to Russia and prevent this new nexus. The prime example is the development of India's first indigenous nuclear powered submarine INS Arihant, which is based on Russia's deadly Akula class submarine. Not only did Russia provide the Akula's blueprints, but Russian scientists and engineers were secretly based in India from start to launch for the duration of the project.
The only parallel in military history is the US transferring Polaris nuclear submarine technology and missiles to the UK. Russian assistance has been critical in the development of some of India's most successful weapons projects such as the BrahMos hypersonic cruise missile, BMP armoured personnel carrier, Astra surface to air missile, guided missile frigates and INS Vikrant indigenous aircraft carrier.
Ensuring competition Buying Russian weapons ensures a robust defence industry in that country.
India's Modi hails 'old-time friend' Russia during Putin summit - CNN
Russia has only two major weapons buyers - China and India. Chinese purchases are tapering off as its own defence sector comes of age so in a few years that will leave just India.
If India stops buying Russian weapons, and Moscow ceases to be a leading weapons maker, it will lead to a virtual Western-Chinese cartel in the coming decades.