Converging Lenses - Object-Image Relations
What is the relation between object distance and image distance of concave serii.info . Answer to what is the relationship between the object distance and image distance for a thin convex lens a concave mirror. object size in image = Object size * focal length / object distance from camera Hands-on rule: Use the inverse relationship if angular size is.
Now what is this height right over here? This is the height of the object. So this is the height of the object is to-- Now what is this opposite side of this yellow angle right over here? Well, this is the height of the image. Or we know from the last video the distance of the object to the distance of the image is the same thing as A to B.
Object image and focal distance relationship (proof of formula) (video) | Khan Academy
So this is going to be the same thing as this. So the ratio of the distances is also the same thing as the ratio of their heights. So let me write it this way. So the ratio of the distance from the object to the lens, to the distance from the image to the lens, is the same as the ratio of the height of the object to the height of an image, or to the image of that object. So I just wanted to do that little low-hanging fruit there, since we set up all of the mechanics already.
And let me just be clear, this is this triangle right over here. I just flipped it over. And so if we want to make sure we're keeping track of the same sides, if this length right here is d sub 0, or d naught sometimes we could call it, or d0, whatever you want to call it, then this length up here is also going to be d0. And the reason why I want to do that is because now we can do something interesting.
We can relate this triangle up here to this triangle down here. And actually, we can see that they're going to be similar.
And then we can get some ratios of sides. And then what we're going to do is try to show that this triangle over here is similar to this triangle over here, get a couple of more ratios. And then we might be able to relate all of these things. So the first thing we have to prove to ourselves is that those triangles really are similar.
So the first thing to realize, this angle right here is definitely the same thing as that angle right over there. They're sometimes called opposite angles or vertical angles. They're on the opposite side of lines that are intersecting. So they're going to be equal. Now, the next thing-- and this comes out of the fact that both of these lines-- this line is parallel to that line right over there. And I guess you could call it alternate interior angles, if you look at the angles game, or the parallel lines or the transversal of parallel lines from geometry.
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We know that this angle, since they're alternate interior angles, this angle is going to be the same value as this angle. You could view this line right here as a transversal of two parallel lines.
These are alternate interior angles, so they will be the same. Now, we can make that exact same argument for this angle and this angle. And so what we see is this triangle up here has the same three angles as this triangle down here. So these two triangles are similar. These are both-- Is really more of a review of geometry than optics. These are similar triangles.
Similar-- I don't have to write triangles. And because they're similar, the ratios of corresponding sides are going to be the same. So d0 corresponds to this. They're both opposite this pink angle. They're both opposite that pink angle. So the ratio of d0 to d let me write this over here. So the ratio of d0. Let me write this a little bit neater.
The ratio of d0 to d1. So this is the ratio of corresponding sides-- is going to be the same thing. And let me make some labels here. That's going to be the same thing as the ratio of this side right over here.
This side right over here, I'll call that A. It's opposite this magenta angle right over here. That's going to be the same thing as the ratio of that side to this side over here, to side B.
And once again, we can keep track of it because side B is opposite the magenta angle on this bottom triangle. So that's how we know that this side, it's corresponding side in the other similar triangle is that one. They're both opposite the magenta angles. We've been able to relate these two things to these kind of two arbitrarily lengths.
But we need to somehow connect those to the focal length. And to connect them to a focal length, what we might want to do is relate A and B. A sits on the same triangle as the focal length right over here.
So let's look at this triangle right over here. Let me put in a better color. So let's look at this triangle right over here that I'm highlighting in green. This triangle in green. And let's look at that in comparison to this triangle that I'm also highlighting. This triangle that I'm also highlighting in green. Now, the first thing I want to show you is that these are also similar triangles. This angle right over here and this angle are going to be the same.
They are opposite angles of intersecting lines. And then, we can make a similar argument-- alternate interior angles. Well, there's a couple arguments we could make. One, you can see that this is a right angle right over here. This is a right angle.
If two angles of two triangles are the same, the third angle also has to be the same. So we could also say that this thing-- let me do this in another color because I don't want to be repetitive too much with the colors.
We can say that this thing is going to be the same thing as this thing. Or another way you could have said it, is you could have said, well, this line over here, which is kind of represented by the lens, or the lens-- the line that is parallel to the lens or right along the lens is parallel to kind of the object right over there.
And then you could make the same alternate interior argument there. But the other thing is just, look. I have two triangles. Two of the angles in those two triangles are the same, so the third angle has to be the same. Now, since all three angles are the same, these are also both similar triangles. So we can do a similar thing.
Image/Object Distance Relationship | scatter chart made by Aeskin | plotly
We can say A is to B. Remember, both A and B are opposite the degree side. They're both the hypotenuse of the similar triangle.
So A is to B as-- we could say this base length right here.Distance Between the object and Image in a Plane Mirror Improvised science experiment
And it got overwritten a little bit. But this base length right over here is f. That's our focal length. As f in this triangle is related to this length on this triangle.
Investigating the relationship between the image distance and the object distance for a convex lens
They are both opposite that white angle. So as f is to this length right over here. Now, what is this length? So this whole distance is di, all the way over here. But this length is that whole distance minus the focal length. So this is di minus the focal length. So A is to B as f is to di minus the focal length. And there you have it, we have a relationship between the distance of the object, the distance of the image, and the focal length.