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In addition, many of our physical security policies are out of date, are not based on The relationship between government and industry should be a problem Under risk management, each countermeasure can be viewed in the context of a . implemented. Security policy requires the creation of an ongoing information management planning vulnerabilities, and in-place countermeasures, and decide if the risk of asset loss is The relationship between the elements of a risk. A lot of security terms get used almost interchangeably in the popular tech press, For example, a "risk assessment" and a "threat assessment" are two entirely to help one develop effective countermeasures against the types of attacks Analyzing threats can help one develop specific security policies to.
The ISC standard only addresses man-made threats, but individual agencies are free to expand upon the threats they consider. The assessment should examine supporting information to evaluate the relative likelihood of occurrence for each threat.
For natural threats, historical data concerning frequency of occurrence for given natural disasters such as tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, fire, or earthquakes can be used to determine the credibility of the given threat.
For criminal threats, the crime rates in the surrounding area provide a good indicator of the type of criminal activity that may threaten the facility. For example, a facility that utilizes heavy industrial machinery will be at higher risk for serious or life-threatening job related accidents than a typical office building.
For terrorist threats, the attractiveness of the facility as a target is a primary consideration. In addition, the type of terrorist act may vary based on the potential adversary and the method of attack most likely to be successful for a given scenario. For example, a terrorist wishing to strike against the federal government may be more likely to attack a large federal building than to attack a multi-tenant office building containing a large number of commercial tenants and a few government tenants.
However, if security at the large federal building makes mounting a successful attack too difficult, the terrorist may be diverted to a nearby facility that may not be as attractive from an occupancy perspective, but has a higher probability of success due to the absence of adequate security. In general, the likelihood of terrorist attacks cannot be quantified statistically since terrorism is, by its very nature random.
Threat / Vulnerability Assessments and Risk Analysis | WBDG - Whole Building Design Guide
Specific definitions are important to quantify the level of each threat. The more specific the definition, the more consistent the assessments will be especially if the assessments are being performed by a large number of assessors. Example assessments are provided below: There are aggressors who utilize this tactic who are known to be targeting this facility or the organization. There is a history of this type of activity in the area and this facility is a known target.
Specific threats have been received or identified by law enforcement agencies. Events of this nature occur in the immediate vicinity on a frequent basis. There are aggressors who utilize this tactic who are known to target this type of facility. No specific threat has been received or identified by law enforcement agencies. Events of this nature occur in the immediate vicinity periodically i. There are aggressors who utilize this tactic, but they are not known to target this type of facility.
There is a history of this type of activity in the area, but this facility has not been a target. Events of this nature occur in the region on a sporadic basis. No aggressors who utilize this tactic are identified for this facility and there is no history of this type of activity at the facility or the neighboring area.
There is no history of this type of event in the area. Vulnerability Assessment Once the plausible threats are identified, a vulnerability assessment must be performed.
CounterMeasures® Risk Assessment Software
Impact of loss is the degree to which the mission of the agency is impaired by a successful attack from the given threat. A key component of the vulnerability assessment is properly defining the ratings for impact of loss and vulnerability. These definitions may vary greatly from facility to facility. The analysis module determines and invokes the proper vulnerability areas based on survey responses.
Analyze Risk and Create Reports The analysis of an individual assessment can be done either by the individual inspector, or by a dedicated security analyst at a central location.
Baseline metrics and relationships are used to achieve both a repeatable and defensible analysis. Examples of these metrics include quantification of the relationship between threats, assets, vulnerabilities, and business processes.
Once Alion and a client evaluate these relationships, the development team builds them into the analysis module, ensuring they are consistently applied to all assessments during the data collection phase and analysis phase. Manage Risk The risk management feature provides the capability to monitor and manage residual risk for each system in the analysis dataset.
This feature picks up after the current risks for each surveyed system have been determined and remains in effect for the lives of the surveyed systems. The action dataset stores all countermeasures that are proposed during the analysis process and makes them available for assignment to someone for implementation.
Once actions are assigned to someone, they can be tracked until a satisfactory result is attained. Areas of weakness or poor control implementation are identified in the Analysis, and the user can immediately propose controls to reduce vulnerability and risk. Risk analysis and loss expectancy reports that are run after countermeasures have been implemented will reflect the improved security posture.
In addition to proposing controls to implement, the user can assign the implementation to a specific person to ensure accountability and tracking of risk reduction.
Understanding risk, threat, and vulnerability
Evaluate Effectiveness The analysis module of CounterMeasures also allows for analysts to determine which controls are most likely to be effective to implement by weighting controls for their effectiveness in reducing vulnerability and by their cost.
It's an overall process to help you gain more insight into the relationships between threats, vulnerabilities, and hazards so you can develop smarter, safer courses of action that will benefit both you and your customers. Successful ERM can involve many different areas of your company including security, safety, and compliance. Thankfully, these are all areas where CounterMeasures. Because in both business and governmental endeavors, it's more important than ever to have a holistic understating of the threats and vulnerabilities that impact your assets, processes and missions.
Eliminating the need for a big up-front capital investment offers an immediate shortcut to ERM success. All of the CounterMeasures risk assessment software products are available on a monthly pay-as-you-go arrangement. Our out-of-the-box ready security variants are focused and ready to meet your requirements with confidence.