Explaining Sternberg‘s Triangular Theory of Love | EliteSingles
Each component manifests a different aspect of love. Intimacy. Intimacy refers to feelings of closeness, connectedness, and bondedness in loving relationships. Sternberg's Theory of Love can best be described using a. has written theories on intelligence, wisdom, creativity, thinking styles, love and hate. The theory holds that a relationship must center around two or more of these components to . dressed to Robert J. Sternberg, PACE Center, Yale Univer- sity, .. Rather, the relationship between love and hate is structurally complex.
Contact Duplex Theory of Hate The duplex theory of hate, like the duplex theory of love, has two parts: Triangular Theory of Hate Typically hate is thought of as a single emotion. But there is reason to believe that hate has multiple components that can manifest themselves in different ways on different occasions. According to a triangular component of the duplex theory of fate, hate potentially comprises three components.
As with love, hate can be captured by both feelings triangles and action triangles. Feelings may or may not translate themselves into actions, and actions may or may not represent genuine feelings.
People may interpret actions as meaning different things, depending on their mappings of feelings into actions and vice versa. There are three components of hate: The first potential component of hate is the negation of intimacy. Negation of intimacy in hate is characterized by repulsion and disgust.
Sternberg's Theory of Love | Synonym
Whereas intimacy involves the seeking of closeness, the negation of intimacy involves the seeking of distance. Often distance is sought from a target individual because that individual arouses repulsion and disgust in the person who experiences hate. In Part 2 of the experiment, the background characteristics of A, B, and C were unchanged; however, we created vignettes in which the targets betrayed the protagonist, for example by having an affair with someone of the opposite sex see the negative events in Supplementary Table S1.
Upon completion of Part 2, participants completed the PLS again to assess their feelings of love toward the three targets. Analysis We used several analyses to test our hypotheses.
The scores from love ratings, hate ratings, and the PLS items were averaged within subjects prior to the analyses. Simple effect tests were performed when the interaction effect was significant.
Additionally, we used a 3 target: Next, we used a 3 target: Tests of simple main effects were performed when an interaction effect was statistically significant. Further analyses of the simple main effects showed that the degree of love toward target A 5. Further analyses of the simple main effects showed that the degree of passionate love toward target A Further analyses of the simple main effects showed that the degree of hate toward target A 5.
Further analyses of the simple main effects showed that the PLS score for target A Love and Hate The 3 targets: The love and hate level of all participants in response to the 3 targets: The corresponding partial correlation analyses revealed similar results A: Discussion This study used an experimental paradigm to study the relationship between romantic love and hate.
The current study provided support for a link between the two affects and insights into the influence of similarity in romantic relationships. We found that people have different emotional reactions toward different target persons in the context of romantic love and hate. The relationship between romantic love and hate was revealed to be more complex than expected.
Triangular theory of love
First, our results showed that feelings of love were influenced by similarity. That is, individuals, who were experimentally induced to experience feelings of love, felt stronger love toward someone of the opposite sex who was similar to them, thus, supporting our first hypothesis.
Previous studies have examined whether similarity or complementarity played a more vital role in mutual attraction Berscheid and Reis, and concluded that the former was more important. This view has also been supported by research looking at mate preferences Luo and Klohnen, and quality of marital relationships Hudson et al.
Previous studies had mostly recruited couples or partners who were already in a relationship, and there is little direct evidence on whether the similarity of the two individuals had a crucial role in the development of a romantic relationship. A recent study Conroy-Beam et al. To some extent, they considered the equivalence in social status between both partners to be an important factor relating to relationship satisfaction.
Triangular theory of love - Wikipedia
In our study, however, when the participants were presented with two potential partners equal to them in excellence, participants perceived greater love for the one who was more similar to themselves. Relatedly, similarity also played an important role in mate selection. Our findings complemented the findings of other research in this area.
Individuals who were similar to each other easily formed good impressions of each other within a short time. Second, we found significant associations between romantic love and hate in the context of a romantic relationship. When presented with negative events with three different target persons, participants most hated the person whom they had loved the most previously. Therefore, love and hate are indeed related.
As Alford proposed, hate is an imitation of love and also a type of relationship with others and oneself. That is, in managing their relationships with others, people are at the same time managing themselves and their psyches Alford, Especially from the perspectives of young couples in romantic relationships, hate is also a reflection of love.
The relationship between love and hate can be explained from different perspectives. Romantic hate may be rooted in romantic jealousy. Previous research proposed emotional jealousy and cognitive jealousy as constituents of romantic jealousy. Moreover, cognitive jealousy is directly related to relationship dissatisfaction between lovers Elphinston et al.
Previous studies have also found a positive relationship between romantic love and jealousy. That is, the more one loves a person, the more sensitive one becomes when encountering threats to the relationship Mathes and Severa, ; Orosz et al.
Thus, individuals experience more love and more hatred toward the same lover. Thus, in our context, the more one loves a person, the more psychological investment one makes. At the same time, our results showed a significant interaction between targets A vs. C and affects love vs. In other words, although the three targets were associated with the same negative events, the level of hatred varied across the three targets.
If, initially, the individual loved the target the most, the degree of love is still higher than that of hate after the negative event. However, when the individual did not love the target as much initially, the degree of love would be markedly lower than that of hate.
These results illustrate the complexity associated with romantic love and hate. For the person whom one loves the most or even hates, love may still be dominant in the context of betrayal.
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This hate is a reflection of love and a feeling of sorrow. However, for the person one does not love, feelings of hate are stronger than those of love. This hate perhaps has its roots in the moral dimension, which mainly concern social judgments about the quality of a person.
This is why people experience such pain upon betrayal in a romantic relationship. These individuals also have long-term concerns about whether their partners are willing to accept them in a closed relationship. The authors proffered this as the reason behind love and hate, and that this phenomenon could be observed in any relationship.
Needless to say, the complex precursors of love and hate can be interpreted in many ways. Perhaps as some of the most ubiquitous emotions, people need to comprehend and explain love and hate objectively and rationally.
Although we study the nature of love and hate from a rational point of view and from an emotional perspective to explain the precursors of these two basic emotions, humans are emotional beings. In summary, we need to comprehend the relationship between love and hate both rationally and emotionally. If we pay close attention to hate, we can better understand love Tjeltveit, This idea justified us carrying out the current study.
However, there are three limitations to this study. First, even though we emphasized that the protagonist would be described in three different relationships in different periods of life, this manipulation could not guarantee that participants could generate independent feelings of love for the three target persons.
In our future research, we may explore whether relationship status predicts feelings of love and hate using this experimental paradigm. Third, the findings of the current study were also limited by the manipulation of similarity between the participants and the three targets.
The use of vignettes meant that the manipulation of similarity might have partly depended on how well the participants were able to imagine themselves as the protagonist in the vignettes. In addition, people have different emotional reactions toward different people in the context of romantic love and hate.
For the person whom one loves or hates the most, love may still be dominant in the context of betrayal. However, for the person one does not love, feelings of hatred are stronger than those of love.
This study also provided support for the relationship between romantic love and hate, and highlighted the important role of similarity in moderating the relationship between love and hate.