Seduced By History: Rasputin, The Tsarina and the fall of the Autocracy
Rasputin and Tsarina Relationship Alexandra was a strong woman and very decisive, but her advice and her influence were exercised in a. Legendary: The mystic Rasputin (centre) held court with the Tsar and Tsarina and, of course, countless women. But his sexual obsession would. Yes, it had an extremely important and negative effect. Sane and intelligent people at the Russian court and among the aristocracy and.
Rasputin could help the little people because the important people he had helped owed him favors. His confidence grew with each success and with it, his ego. Whether this was truly the case — and if so, how it was done — remains a matter of historical debate.
Some have claimed that Rasputin hypnotised the boy or simply put him at ease; either might have benefited his condition. The tsar was somewhat more sceptical about Rasputin but he was not inclined to question or challenge a religious figure. Rasputin and some of his admirers from Russian high society. When not with the royal family Rasputin provided spiritual advice — and sometimes sexual services — to at least two dozen upper-class women.
Rumours of a sexual relationship between Alexandra and Rasputin worsened inwhen one of her letters was leaked to the press. The situation worsened in Septemberwhen the tsar left to take command of the army, asking Alexandra to manage domestic affairs in his absence.
The German-born tsarina was already the target of scurrilous rumours that questioned her loyalty to Russia. Though there is no concrete evidence of treachery, Alexandra was a political incompetent who was spellbound by Rasputin and prepared to do anything he proposed. Unlike other European courts of the day, in the Russian court, the position of Dowager Empress was senior in rank and precedence to that of the tsarina—a rule that Maria, with the support of Nicholas II, enforced strictly.
At royal balls and other formal Imperial gatherings, Maria would enter on her son's arm, and Alexandra would silently trail behind them according to court protocol. It did not help that Maria tended to be extremely possessive of her sons.
In addition, Alexandra resented the ostentatiously considerate treatment of Maria by her husband the tsar, which only slightly evaporated after the birth of their five children.
For Maria's part, she did not approve of her son's marriage to a German bride and was appalled at her daughter-in-law's inability to win favour with the Russian people. In addition, Maria had spent seventeen years in Russia prior to her coronation with Alexander III; Alexandra had a scarce month to learn the rules of the Russian court which she seldom ever followedand this might have contributed to her unpopularity.
Alexandra at least was astute enough not to criticise openly the woman she publicly referred to as "Mother dear. Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovichand his wife, Grand Duchess Marie Pavlovnawho, during the war, openly criticized the Empress.
She considered their sons KyrillBoris and Andrei to be irredeemably immoral, and in refused Boris's proposal for the hand of Grand Duchess Olga.
Alexandra was very supportive of her husband, yet often gave him extreme advice. She was a fervent advocate of the " divine right of kings " and believed that it was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people, according to her aunt, Empress Frederick of Germanywho wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very imperious and will always insist on having her own way; she will never yield one iota of power she will imagine she wields Her assassination, according to the daughter of the British ambassador, was openly spoken of in aristocratic drawing rooms as the only way of saving the Empire.
Alexandra proved to be a fertile bride and three more girls followed Olga in the next five years: Three more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir: Alexei Nikolaevich was born in Peterhof on 12 August To his parents' dismay, Alexei was born with hemophiliaan incurable bleeding disease.
Having known how the disease claimed the lives of her elder brother Friedrich and her uncle Leopold, Alexandra suffered a great deal of guilt for passing down the disease to Alexei and eventually suffered what many termed as a breakdown due to the worry for her son's health. Alexandra was determined to care for her children herself; to the shock of the Russian aristocracy, she even breast fed them. Their upbringing mirrored that of Alexandra's own.
Tsarevich Alexei sits in front of his parents. Grand Duchess Olga was reportedly shy and subdued. As she grew older, Olga read widely, both fiction and poetry, often borrowing books from her mother before the Empress had read them.
She was the cleverest of her siblings and possessed a quick mind, according to her tutors. While she adored her father, whom she physically resembled, she had a more distant relationship with Alexandra. If a favour was needed, all the Imperial children agreed that "Tatiana must ask Papa to grant it. She was the daughter who most resembled Alexandra, both in terms of appearance and personality. Tatiana was also considered the most elegant of her sisters, and more attractive than Olga.
The third Grand Duchess, Maria, was sweet and gentle and liked to talk about marriage and children. The tsar thought she would make an excellent wife and Maria was considered the "angel" of the family. Maria was also considered to be the most beautiful of her sisters, along with Tatiana. Anastasia, exuberant and vivacious, was the youngest and most famous daughter, and was dubbed the "shvibzik," Russian for "imp.
Her aunt and godmother, Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna, once recalled a time when Anastasia was teasing so ruthlessly that she slapped the child. They were known as the 'Big Pair' and 'Little Pair' respectively. Although, in private, they still referred to their parents as "Mama" and "Papa", in public, they referred to them as "the Empress" and "the Emperor".
Bythe four daughters had blossomed into young women. They were frequently treated as one, with the nickname "OTMA", taken from their first names, and their individuality was somewhat lost, particularly after the birth of their brother. Alexandra doted on Alexei. The children's tutor Pierre Gilliard wrote, "Alexei was the centre of a united family, the focus of all its hopes and affections.
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) - Wikipedia
His sisters worshiped him. He was his parents' pride and joy. Alexei was a hemophiliac. For Alexandra, the news was devastating. There was nothing conventional medicine could do. Infriends introduced her and her husband to Rasputin. He was also known as a healer and prophet. Did he provide relief to the young Tsarevich? His worst critics admit he did.
He also helped the Tsarina deal with her unbearable guilt and suffering--but that help came at a price. Rasputin's gifts were offset by his drinking and womanizing. Scandal was his constant companion. As his power grew, so did his faults, his behavior becoming increasingly outrageous. Nicholas ignored it—Alexandra denied it—but the scandal was always there.
And the stink of it threatened the autocracy. Many believed there was more to the relationship between Alexandra and Rasputin than the sharing of spiritual comfort.
The situation became especially ugly in and when Rasputin seduced a woman serving as nurse to the Imperial children. The nurse and governess were dismissed.