Quebec - Wikipedia
Constituting nearly one-sixth of Canada's total land area, Quebec is the largest of Its major metropolis, Montreal, is the country's second largest city. ways Francophone-Anglophone relations within the province and throughout Canada. and constitutional relationship with the rest of. Canada. What emerges from this composite is the critical importance for Quebec and indeed for all of Canada of. consequences for its continuity. For Québec, Canadian governmental relations include a significant identity‑related dimension. Québec's.The Evolution of French Canada (and why they still Refuse to Speak English)
It extends northeastward from the southwestern portion of the province along the shores of the Saint Lawrence River to the Quebec City region, limited to the North by the Laurentian Mountains and to the South by the Appalachians. Lawrence lowland forests ecoregion. The Oka hills also rise from the plain. Geologically, the lowlands formed as a rift valley about million years ago and are prone to infrequent but significant earthquakes. Mixed forests provide most of Canada's springtime maple syrup crop.
Quebec sovereignty movement
The rural part of the landscape is divided into narrow rectangular tracts of land that extend from the river and date back to settlement patterns in 17th century New France. The topography of the Shield has been shaped by glaciers from the successive ice ages, which explains the glacial deposits of boulders, gravel and sand, and by sea water and post-glacial lakes that left behind thick deposits of clay in parts of the Shield.
The Canadian Shield also has a complex hydrological network of perhaps a million lakes, bogs, streams and rivers. It is rich in the forestry, mineral and hydro-electric resources that are a mainstay of the Quebec economy. While low and medium altitude peak from western Quebec to the far north, high altitudes mountains emerge in the Capitale-Nationale region to the extreme east, along its longitude.
In the Labrador Peninsula portion of the Shield, the far northern region of Nunavik includes the Ungava Peninsula and consists of flat Arctic tundra inhabited mostly by the Inuit. Further south lie the subarctic taiga of the Eastern Canadian Shield taiga ecoregion and the boreal forest of the Central Canadian Shield forestswhere sprucefirand poplar trees provide raw materials for Quebec's pulp and paper and lumber industries.
The southern portion of the shield extends to the Laurentiansa mountain range just north of the Saint Lawrence Lowlandthat attracts local and international tourists to ski hills and lakeside resorts. The Appalachian region of Quebec has a narrow strip of ancient mountains along the southeastern border of Quebec.
Quebec | The Canada Guide
The Appalachians are actually a huge chain that extends from Alabama to Newfoundland. Winters are long, very cold, and snowy, and among the coldest in eastern Canada, while summers are warm but very short due to the higher latitude and the greater influence of Arctic air masses. Precipitation is also somewhat less than farther south, except at some of the higher elevations.
Protecting and strengthening the use of the French language has historically been the central project of Quebec patriotism, and since the s, the provincial government has passed a number of laws that limit the use of English in business, schools, and — most infamously — public signs and advertisements. Today, Quebeckers enjoy a host of French language TV channels and radio stations, and often have very different pop culture tastes than English Canadians in the other provinces.
Even among non-separatists, he is considered one of the great statesmen of modern Canadian politics for his fierce intellect and passion for his cause. Just as colonized peoples in Asia, Africa, and the Middle East were abandoning their imperial masters, many Quebeckers began to dream of completing their long escape from English domination.
Québec-Canada relations | Thematic Tours | Musée McCord Museum
The argument in favor of separatism takes many forms, and there are right and left wing separatists, as well as separatist moderates and separatist extremists. Some separatists believe Quebec should be its own country for strictly patriotic reasons, and feel humiliated being part of Canada, which they see as this utterly foreign, English place.
Others may believe Canada is simply a bad country to be a part of, and think Quebec could be richer and more successful without the Canadian government holding it back.
Others may basically like Canada, but believe Quebec and Canada could arrange a better partnership between themselves as two separate countries.
Québec Since Confederation
A new provincial political party devoted to separatism known as the Parti Quebecois was founded in and elected in to power in Despite the defeat, the French-Canadian separatist movement grew in power and size during the s and s.
That loss was quite demoralizing, however, and since then the separatist movement has declined in popularity quite a bit, with many Quebecers now inclined to regard separation as a distraction from more immediate social and economic problems.
The journey Quebec faces is that of a nation able to develop a relationship on equal footing with First Nations and the Inuit nation, where the Anglophone community has a place, and where the contribution of Quebec immigrants is valued.