Hinduism, marriage and mental illness
What is a Sin according to Hinduism? To understand Papa and Punya we meed to Understand Karma What we sow, we shall reap in this or future lives. .. In this marriage all the married learned persons give blessings to newly married . happiness that you get from reckless eating of junk food, real and longlasting. In the patriarchal society of Rig Vedic Hindus, marriage was considered as a of man) according to Satpatha Brahmana “The wife is verily the half of the husband. Daughters should be married as soon they become young in early twenties and .. Sharma I. Marriage and Mental Illness: Helplessness of Indian Women. Manusmriti - In Hinduism, it is believed that the earliest generations Manusmriti - 18 Eternal laws for husband and wife that must not be broken! A wife should be particularly guarded against evil leanings, than usual and interfere in relations of other husband and wife. . Stories you may want to read.
Alcohol intake by spouse results in marital problems. The divorce rate among heavy drinkers is high and the wives of such men are likely to be anxious, depressed and socially isolated.
Besides, women admitted with self-poisoning blame the drinking habit of the husband. The 5-year follow-up study[ 21 ] of patients attending a teaching hospital, reported a better clinical and social outcome for women. The better outcome could be because it was an out-patient sample with lesser degree of impairments.
Women's Rights in India After Marriage, Legal Rights of Women
At the end of 10 years, however, there were no significant difference in the outcome. Being married before the onset of illness, presence of children, a shorter duration of illness at inclusion and the presence of auditory hallucinations at intake were all associated with a good marital outcome. Being unemployed, experiencing a drop in socioeconomic level and the presence of flat affect and self-neglect for 10 years were all associated a poor marital outcome.
The ratio of male: A greater number of female patients were in the category of patients who had been untreated for a long-time. The main reason attributed for these findings was the low-priority is given to the mental-health of women compared to men. The fact that women generally are presented at a later age with schizophrenia raises issues about the losses these women sustain with regard to established relationships, careers and children. All except eight lived with their parents.
Twenty children were taken care of by the patients themselves or their parents. Only six children were cared by the husbands. Lack of awareness and the widespread belief that marriage is a panacea for all evils prompted some parents to get their daughters married even when they were symptomatic.
Several needs were expressed for the separated women including to simplify the legal measures. It is noteworthy that women with severe mental illness are discriminated in a big way. While wives are more tolerant, husbands are not and many of the marriages women with the mental illness end sooner or later. The women with severe mental illness are ostracized on three accounts. The observations of other workers are in the same line.
From the analysis of records of outpatients of the Institute of Mental Health at Chennai,[ 1 ] it emerged that majority of treatment seekers were males 3: Domestic violence and mental illness Domestic violence means violence that occurs within the family. Domestic violence is considered as one of the burning social problem of the present day in India. The married women with major mental illness form an extremely vulnerable population at high-risk for various forms of abuse.
Women in Hinduism
The incidents of wife battering, harassment by husband and in-laws, dowry deaths, suicides, kitchen accidents occur on a large scale. Many cases go unreported.
The victims are unable to raise their voice, nor protect against violence. In the past, it was mainly hidden behind the four walls of the house. Those within did not wish to speak about it. Those outside did not want to hear it. Social practices, customs, beliefs, myths, and patriarchy are the important causative factors for domestic violence in India.
It has emerged as a risk factor for poor mental health. This age-old practice continues to survive and has been a significant factor that has driven many women to suicide. Risk-factors for domestic violence include alcoholic husbands, illiterate or poorly educated couple, poor socioeconomic status, women with no income of their own, and dowry problems.
It is very important to identify and treat domestic violence in those with mental illness. In half of all murders committed by domestic partners, serious mental illness contributes to the risk. The mental health problems related to domestic violence are varying in nature. Many women accept it as normal in India and suffer in silence. A few react with physical aggression. The psychological symptoms emerge as subsyndromal or diagnosable disorders.
TBI Blogs: 6 Rights of Wives in India and Why It Is Important to Know About Them
It provides for more effective protection of the rights of women in a domestic relationship, guaranteed under the Constitution who are victims of violence of any kind. Harassment by way of unlawful dowry demands to the woman or her relatives is also covered under this definition. This act has the following important features: The respondent has to be an adult male. It appreciates that the marital relation is a delicate, personal and private relationship. It appreciates the fact that victim of domestic violence is often unprivileged in many ways.
It provides various reliefs such as a protection, residence, maintenance monetary reliefcustody and compensation orders and emergency help.
It provides necessary help in lodging the report. It provides free legal aid to the woman. It assumes that the woman would always safeguard the relationship. It adopts a reconciliatory approach. It empowers the woman.
Hindu Marriages And The Duties Of Husband And Wife In A Traditional Hindu Family
Criminal proceedings would be initiated only when the woman requests for the same. It is a double-edged weapon.
It should be used to protect women, not to take revenge on men. Despite the presence of severe mental illness parents are determined to marry their mentally sick daughters.
Besides, most boys prefer arranged marriages because they fetch good dowry. The woman with mental illness, who is ill-treated and abandoned by her husband and in-laws, seeks restitution of conjugal rights rather than divorce.
Interesting observations were made in South India. Similar observation was made by Sharma and Tripathi[ 31 ] in Northern India, where the separated women continued to put vermillion on their heads. The Dowry Prohibition Act[ 7 ] sometimes promotes dowry rather than curbing it. A handsome dowry glamorizes the marriage proposal, so as to distract the other party from the deficiencies in the daughter.
After marriage, when marital problems arise because of mental illness in the woman, gifts are offered to pacify the husband and his relatives. The paradoxical situations cited above can be understood in light of the prevailing deep rooted social value systems relating to marriage in India. It also provides for four matrimonial reliefs: Nullity of marriage, judicial separation, divorce, and restitution of conjugal rights.
The legal provisions are often violated in the marriages of patients with mental illness because of the strong impact of Indian culture.
They are mentioned below: Remarriages of husbands and wives, separated because of mental illness take place without formal divorce.
In a series of marriages of married women with mental illness from Varanasi at a tertiary care hospital, it was observed that Only one second marriage of the patient was solemnized after divorce, the remaining took place without divorce from previous marriages.
However, because of social approval they continued. However, 13 of the husbands were remarried. In five marriages mental illness was present in both wives and their husbands at the time of marriage. The constitution has provided many rights to married women.
Some of the key rights are: Right to residence — A wife has the right to reside in the matrimonial household where her husband resides, irrespective of whether it is an ancestral house, a joint family house, a self-acquired house or a rented house. Right to a committed relationship — A Hindu husband cannot have an affair or marry another girl unless he is legally divorced. A husband can be charged of adultery if he is in a relationship with another married woman.
His wife also has the right to file for divorce on the grounds of his extra-marital relationship. She also has the right to be free of mental and physical torture.
Right to child maintenance — Husband and wife must provide for their minor child. If the wife is incapable of earning a living, the husband must provide financial support.
If both the parents are financially incapable, then they can seek help from the grandparents to maintain the child. A minor child also has the right to seek partition in ancestral property. Only when the situation becomes unbearable do they act; many just give up and go back to their parents.
After all, the life you have been gifted is meant to be lived to the fullest, not to be suffered through in silence. Have something to share? Respect the Hindu dharma and family traditions by performing the obligatory duties, various samskaras and rituals.
Perform devotional services, charitable works and other morally and spiritual uplifting activities. Serve the gods, earthly beings, the ancestors and the dependent parents and relationships. Look after each other through thick and thin. Assist each other in their spiritual progress and work for each other's salvation.
Hindu scriptures do show a clear bias towards men and take the superiority of men in marital relationships for granted. They declare that a woman ought to be respected, protected and kept happy and that the happiness of women in the household is vital for the prosperity, peace and happiness of a family. They also recognize the importance of women in the affairs of their families and in molding the character and integrity of their children.
However, at the same time they emphasize the need to keep women under constant vigilance by their men, since, according to them, women cannot be completely trusted or left to themselves.
They also do not consider gender equality as an important consideration in marriage or in society, although they do emphasize that each partner in a marriage has a unique role to perform, which cannot be discharged by the other. Man is recognized as the primary upholder of the dharma, the main recipient of all ritual honors, where as his wife participates in them as his partner and associate saha dharma charini to complement his efforts.
He is incomplete without her and so does she. But when it comes to the comparison, he clearly stands above her. When he leaves the world, she loses every thing, her wealth, her identity, her comforts and her status. Thus clearly and unequivocally the Hindu scriptures relegate women to a subordinate position in relationship with men. Marriage has another dimension in Hindu religion, which is unique by itself.
Marriage is not viewed as a purely human affair, but as a sacred covenant between a man and a woman in which gods participate as witnesses as well as donors of the bride. During the marriage ceremony, the priest first marries the bride to the gods and then presents her to the bridegroom as a gift from the gods. Then he asks the groom to take an oath with gods as the witnesses that he would protect her and abide by her for the rest of his life. The idea behind this practice is that a man ought to respect his wife and treat her well as a divine gift since he cannot perform his obligatory duties as the upholder of the dharma all by himself.
Besides, the belief that he has received the bride in good faith from the gods themselves puts him under a moral obligation to treat her well.
In modern Hindu society the equation between man and woman is changing. With the decline in our concern for upholding the Hindu dharma and in our anxiety to emulate the modern lifestyles to look progressive, liberal and advanced, a good number of Hindus are shunning anything and everything that remotely looks orthodox Hinduism.