Hades - Wikipedia
According to Hesiod's Theogony, Hades was the eldest, and Zeus the to speak of the marital relations of Hades and Persephone, except that. Goddess Persephone becoming wife of god of Underworld Hades, despite Zeus, Hermes, Peirithous, and Theseus attempts to prevent it. Hades in the ancient Greek religion and myth, is the god of the dead and the king of the underworld, with which his name became synonymous. Hades was the eldest son of Cronus and Rhea, although the last son regurgitated by his father. He and his brothers, Zeus and Poseidon, defeated their father's generation.
The serpent is a totem of the cycles of life, death and rebirth and the seasons. It is the connection to the fertile earth and to the underworld. It also symbolizes immortality as it was thought to shed its skin indefinitely. The unity of the Great Goddess becomes divided in Greek mythology. Many scholars argue that this division occurs with the introduction of a new culture and religious imagination.
We're All Mad Here!
Indo-Europeans like the so-called Dorians who apparently invaded the eastern Mediterranean during the end of the second millenium introduced the male sky gods and a much more militaristic culture.
The Olympian gods were ultimately descended from Gaea.
According to Hesiod's account of the creation of the universe presented in his Theogony, Gaea along with Tartarus and Eros, was born from Chaos, or at the same time. Without a mate she parthenogenetically bore Uranus skyOurea mountainsand Pontus sea. With Uranus, Gaea gave birth to the Titans and Cyclopes.
Myths and Legends
Gaea encouraged Cronus, the eldest Titan, to take a sickle and castrate his father Uranus. In turn, Zeus, the youngest son of Rhea, overturned his father Cronus.
Although Gaea had encouraged the elevation of Zeus to king of the Olympians, she ultimately turned against him. In Greek mythology, the direct off-spring of Gaea become identified as chthonic forces from the earth that become subdued by the Olympians and their followers.
Hades • Facts and Information on Greek God Hades
This succession myth and the ascendance of Zeus and the Olympian Gods over the chthonic powers of Gaea and her off-spring echoes the introduction of the patriarchal Indo-European sky-gods into the Mediterranean world and the subordination of the Great Goddess.
He was the oldest male child of Cronus and Rhea. Hades and his brothers Zeus and Poseidon defeated their father and the Titans to end their reign, claiming rulership over the cosmos. They agreed to split their rule with Zeus becoming god of the skies, Poseidon god of the sea and Hades god of the underworld.
He was later known to the Greeks as Plouton, which the Romans pluralized to Pluto.
Zeus and Hera V.S. Hades and Persephone
The god of the underworld was married to Persephonethe daughter of Demeterwhom he obtained through deception after abducting her to the underworld and giving her the forbidden fruit pomegranate, forcing her to remain in the underworld with him for one third of each year. Facts about Hades Hades is best known as the ruler of the underworld.
It became his dominion after he and his brothers drew lots for their share of the universe. According to the Odyssey, one must cross Ocean to get there. Though Hades supervised the dead assigned to his realm, he was not one of its judges.
You know what I mean: None of this is the least bit accurate. There is no standard explanation of how the division was achieved; some sources say they drew lots, others that they chose by age, and others still that Zeus was awarded the chief position and rule over the skies as reward for being the one who threw down their tyrannical father.
- The Olympians
Such a combination is not unheard of; Osiris filled similar roles in Egypt, and there were many other gods who traveled from the underworld to the heavens regularly, throughout the beliefs in the region.
Now, keep in mind that this is largely only my opinion, and I refer mostly to very early times, Mycenaean or even pre-Mycenaean. However, I came to this opinion based on good authority: One of the other reasons I think that is the connection between Hades and the fertility goddesses Demeter and Persephone, and their role in the growth of plants.
So plants could not grow without the aid of Zeus and his rain.
And on top of that, Hades is married to Persephone, daughter of Zeus and Demeter. Again, that last part is purely my own speculation. For the most part, there is little to speak of the marital relations of Hades and Persephone, except that some later writers assigned Hades the same wandering lust that plagued his brothers and nephews…and made Persephone just as jealous a wife as her Aunt Hera.
And despite the famed allegory for the changing seasons of Persephone coming and going from the underworld, it may not always have been the case that she was such an inconstant wife: