Ancient Greece - Geography - The British Museum
Greek writings.2 Geography did not however abandon the search for causal explanations. and the debate on man-land relationships continued vigorously. Mainland Greece is a mountainous land almost completely surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea. Greece has more than islands. The country has mild. Greece is a country in Southern Europe, bordered to the north by Albania, the Republic of Macedonia and Bulgaria; to the east by Turkey, and is surrounded to .
Pederasty in ancient Greece A nude youth plays the aulos for a banqueter: Attic red-figure cup by the Euaion Painterc. It was a relationship between an older male and an adolescent youth. A boy was considered a "boy" until he was able to grow a full beard.
Geography of Greece
In Athens the older man was called erastes. He was to educate, protect, love, and provide a role model for his eromenoswhose reward for him lay in his beauty, youth, and promise.
The roots of Greek pederasty lie in the tribal past of Greece, before the rise of the city-state as a unit of political organization. These tribal communities were organized according to age groups. When it came time for a boy to embrace the age group of the adult and to "become a man," he would leave the tribe in the company of an older man for a period of time that constituted a rite of passage. This older man would educate the youth in the ways of Greek life and the responsibilities of adulthood.
Greek boys no longer left the confines of the community, but rather paired up with older men within the confines of the city. These men, like their earlier counterparts, played an educational and instructive role in the lives of their young companions; likewise, just as in earlier times, they shared a sexual relationship with their boys.
Penetrative sex, however, was seen as demeaning for the passive partner, and outside the socially accepted norm. It was the duty of the adult man to court the boy who struck his fancy, and it was viewed as socially appropriate for the younger man to withhold for a while before capitulating to his mentor's desires.
This waiting period allowed the boy to ensure that his suitor was not merely interested in him for sexual purposes, but felt a genuine emotional affection for him and was interested in assuming the mentor role assigned to him in the pederastic paradigm. To love a boy below the age of twelve was considered inappropriate, but no evidence exists of any legal penalties attached to this sort of practice.
Traditionally, a pederastic relationship could continue until the widespread growth of the boy's body hair, when he is considered a man. Thus, the age limit for the younger member of a pederastic relationship seems to have extended from 12 to about 17 years of age. It was an important element in civil life, the military, philosophy and the arts. In the military[ edit ] Main article: Homosexuality in the militaries of ancient Greece The Sacred Band of Thebesa separate military unit reserved only for men and their beloved, is usually considered the prime example of how the ancient Greeks used love between soldiers in a troop to boost their fighting spirit.
The Thebans attributed to the Sacred Band the power of Thebes for the generation before its fall to Philip II of Macedonwho was so impressed with their bravery during battle, he erected a monument that still stands today on their gravesite. He also gave a harsh criticism of the Spartan views of the band: For men of the same tribe little value one another when dangers press; but a band cemented by friendship grounded upon love is never to be broken.
- Homosexuality in ancient Greece
Such relationships were documented by many Greek historians and in philosophical discourses, as well as in offhand remarks such as Philip II of Macedon's recorded by Plutarch demonstrates: MeleagerAchillesAristomenesCimonand Epaminondas.
He answered their request, bringing his lover to watch.
Leading the charge against the Eretrians he brought the Chalcidians to victory at the cost of his own life. The Chalcidians erected a tomb for him in the marketplace in gratitude.
It is said that one of the most noble things is to give one's own life to save their lover. Although this did not occur during the Lelantine War example it was still a heroic act for Cleomachus and even a perfect time to show his lover his selfless ways. Gender representations in Greek theatre[ edit ] The gender representations in Greek theatre was that of the stereotypical roles within Ancient Greece. Men were sought to be manipulative, powerful, had control over their own freewill, and control over their surroundings.
Women were expected to be contained to the house and to do all the house work. They were also expected to produce offspring and act modestly. The women, or better known in the play as the Bacchae, are manipulated by the god named Dionysus. Dionysus is a strong and witty male character within the play and is written to easily manipulate the women due to this. In the same play, when the women start to gain control over themselves, they are perceived to be "wild" and "loose".
Homosexuality in ancient Greece - Wikipedia
Greek city-states formed all along the Aegean coastline and on the many islands in the Aegean Sea. The people of Greece used the Aegean to travel from city to city.Ancient Greece Geography
The Aegean also provided fish for the people to eat. Mountains The land of Greece is full of mountains. This made it difficult to make long journeys by land. The mountains also formed natural barriers between the major city-states. The tallest mountain in Greece is Mount Olympus. Islands The Aegean Sea is home to over islands. The Greeks settled on many of these islands including Crete the largest of the islandsRhodes, Chios, and Delos.
Climate The climate in Ancient Greece generally featured hot summers and mild winters. Because it was so hot, most people wore lightweight clothing throughout most of the year.
They would put on a cloak or wrap during the colder days of the winter months. Peloponnese - The Peloponnese is a large peninsula located at the southern tip of the Greek mainland.