6 Things You Should Know About Age Gap Relationships
It's an interesting question: Is age really just a number, or is there something about that age gap that can make or break a relationship? Results are certainly. It's Older/Younger relationship drama on today's MAURY! Plus more wild stories of relationships with huge age gaps, and the problems that come with them. Romantic couples with a large age gap often raise eyebrows. While there is variation across cultures in the size of the difference in age-gap couples, all cultures demonstrate the age-gap couple phenomenon. About 1% of age-gap couples involve an older woman partnered with a younger.
Although older adults have reduced processing resources overall, it has been observed with narrative texts that older adults are able to update their situation models as 1 To be more consistent with the relevant literature on language comprehension in the elderly, we should have used the term inhibition.
Instead, we used the term suppression. By this choice, we made a distinction between a temporary elimination of outdated information from working memory inhibition versus a complete and definitive elimination of outdated information from working memory.
In their study, participants read narratives in which a character goal was introduced e. These authors found that older adults were as efficient as younger readers at reducing the availability of the completed goal relative to the failed goal, as demonstrated by longer response times to probe questions about the critical goal.
Additionnally, Newsome and Glucksberg observed that older adults are slower but as accurate as younger adults to verify metaphor-irrelevant properties during metaphor comprehension. A more naturalistic way to investi- gate updating in text comprehension is to present participants with initial misinformation that is corrected later in the newspaper. To our knowledge, this paradigm has not been studied before with older readers. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether older adults encountered difficulty in suppressing outdated information in text comprehension.
More specifically, we examined whether older adults update their text representations in the presence of two possible explanations in accounts for a single news event. In both experiments, two age groups were presented with a series of news reports. They were presented with news reports because they provide a more plausible, natural context for invalidating original information than experimenter-generated texts.
Each text was presented in three versions control, negated, and detailed negated versions in Experiment 1, or new-cause version in Experiment 2. In each story, a cause e. Then the report stated that immediately afterwards, an investigation was begun. A few hours later, new elements emerged from the investi- gation in progress and revealed that the original cause was incorrect negated version. In Experiment 1, we created a detailed negated version in order to examine whether adding information to P.
In Experi- ment 2, the first two versions were compared to a new experimental version the new-cause version in which an alternative cause actually responsible for the event was provided by the text e. Thus, we tested whether suppression of outdated information is enhanced by the presence of an alternative causal information.
We assumed that this alternative cause should help readers—especially older readers—restore causal continuity between the events. Thus, this alternative information may provide environmental support for older readers according to the environ- mental support hypothesis proposed by Craik, and may par- tially or totally compensate for suppression difficulties. This control is absent in most other studies.
In their study, van Oostendorp and Bonebakker collected accuracy scores to two types of questions. Factual questions are questions about what is said explicitly in the text. They can generally be viewed as a measure of textbase processing, whereas inferential questions evaluated the content of the situation model.
In both experiments, an inference judgment task was performed at the very end of the experi- mental session. This task can be legitimely used as a performance measure reflecting the situation model level because participants were instructed to answer from what they understand about the text and because this task is delayed about 20 min after the end of the reading comprehension process. We assumed that this additional information should help older Aging and News Processing in an Updating Model readers reduce the accessibility of the original information and should facilitate its suppression from their text representation.
Conse- quently, we predicted that older readers should answer quickly a question on the original cause in the negated version than in the detailed negated version if the original cause has been successfully suppressed and should be reactivated to answer correctly this question in this latter condition.
In addition, as classically found in text comprehension literature, older readers should respond less accurately than younger readers to factual verification statements corresponding to the textbase level. Methods Participants Twenty-five subjects in each of two age groups participated in this experiment. Young adults 7 men and 18 women were recruited through introductory psychology classes at Montpellier III Univer- sity. The older adults 4 men and 21 women were recruited from local organizations senior citizens and lived at home.
In the young group, participants had a mean age of The older group had a mean age of All participants were native French speakers. They all said they were in good health and none of them reported to suffer from psychiatric disorders e.
Although their vision was corrected-to-normal, the texts were displayed in point Times Roman font. Two pretests were administered to the participants. A subtest of a French version of the Mill Hill Vocabulary Scale Raven, was administered at the beginning of the experimental session.
This test was used to measure verbal ability. The subjects had to choose a synonym of a target word among six proposals. Materials and Design Texts. Two age groups of participants were presented with a total of 14 texts nine experimental texts, four filler texts, and a practice text. The nine experimental texts were news reports taken from Maury, P. Collin, and Teisserenc Four filler texts were interspersed with the experimental texts and a short practice text was always presented first.
This practice text was used to have younger and older adults familiar and comfortable with use of a computer. An example of the structure of each experimental passages is presented in Table 1. All texts began with four introductory sentences. They described when and where a news event happened e. The fifth sentence mentioned a possible cause of the event, which turned out to be false later in the text in both the negated and detailed versions.
Four filler sentences were then displayed and served to put the original cause in the back- ground. Then came the continuation paragraph, which appeared in three experimental versions: In the negated and detailed negated versions, a sentence indicated that the investigation had revealed that the original cause was actually not responsible for the occurrence of the event.
This cause will hereafter be called the original cause. An additional sentence Sentence 11 explicitly stated that the first explanation was incorrect. In the detailed negated version only, Sentence 12 explained the reason why the first explanation could be definitely ruled out. In the control version, Sentence 10 confirmed that the original cause was actually responsible for the occurrence of the event.
Finally, two conclusive sentences, which were neutral with respect to the cause of the event, ended the text. These were the same across versions. The texts were arranged in three orders, and each order contained a different version of each experimental text.
Because each partici- pant was exposed to only one order, only one version of each passage was read. Over the three orders, all the passages were represented in each version.
The text-version factor was a within-subject factor with never more than two consecutive texts in the same version for a subject. After the whole reading, participants were given 45 verification statements 5 for each experimental text.
Because this task was delayed about 20 minreaders answered on Table 1. Structure of the experimental passages, sample story and verification statements used in experiment 1and 2 original version in French Sentences 1 to 4 Introductory sentences Sentence 5 Original Cause Sentences 6 to 9 Filler sentences Continuation paragraph Control version Negated version Detailed negated version Exp. Sentence 11 ———— The first explanation was The first explanation was incorrect.
Sentence 12 ———— ———— Mention of an argument Exp. He signals that an accident involving two cars and a truck has just occurred. The driver provides details concerning the location of the accident because the ambulances must not lose time. Arriving at the same time as the rescue team, the Chief of Police tries to understand what happened.
Based on the initial information obtained on site, the Chief of Police states that the accident was due to the fact that the heavy truck skidded over an icy patch. Luckily, there were only five slightly-injured persons in the pile-up, and they were all taken to the nearest hospital. The highway had to be partially closed for several hours in order to lift the heavy truck off the pavement.
This caused a major traffic jam on the nearby highway. At this time of day, many drivers use this part of the highway to avoid having to go through the city. Continuation Paragraph Negated version experiment 1 and 2Detailed Negated Versions experiment 1 and New-Cause Version experiment 2 After several hours of investigation, the Chief of Police declares that new elements rule out the possibility that the accident was due to an icy patch.
The first explanation turns out to be false. Continued Detailed Negated Version only experiment 1 The temperature this night bordered eight degrees above zero. New-Cause Version only experiment 2 What actually happened was that the heavy truck suddenly swerved to the left to avoid hitting a stray dog. Conclusive Sentences experiments 1 and 2 The police set up an alternate route.
6 Things You Should Know About Age Gap Relationships
By late morning, the highway was reopened to traffic in both directions. Control Version experiment 1 and 2 At 7 A. After several hours of investigation, the Chief of Police confirmed that the accident was actually due to an icy patch.
The police set up an alternate route. For each text, four of the statements were factual and the fifth statement was about the cause of the event. The order of the five verification statements was counter- balanced over texts and participants. Procedure The experimental session began with some informal questions about the hobbies and leisure activities of the participants. Each participant took part individually in a session lasting approximately 45 min for younger participants and 60 min for older participants.
All materials were pre- sented on a monitor controlled by a Dell computer.
Can A Big Age Difference Affect Your Relationship? | HuffPost Australia
All participants were told that they would see a series of news reports that they should read carefully so as to understand them and be able to correctly answer verification statements. They were instructed that the dates mentioned in the text were not to be memorized. Reading was self-paced, with one sentence displayed at a time. Each press of the line-advance key erased the current line and presented the next line. Finally, the experimental session ended with the verification statement task.
But then again that's Hollywood. In the real, non-celebrity world, to date someone more than a decade senior or junior than you would no doubt raise eyebrows. Does it matter what everyone else thinks? But there's still an argument to suggest dating someone in a different stage of their life can throw up challenges that wouldn't be faced if you were closer in age.
But how important is it? So for somebody who likes that in their partner, it can be a really big advantage, but if you are somebody who likes to have things more equal that can be an issue. If you have somebody who has already established their family -- for instance an older guy might meet a younger woman who wants to have children but he doesn't -- that can be a real deal breaker in my experience.
This largely has to do with having social circles that generally include peers of similar ages and being attracted to others who are similar. Similarity entails many things, including personality, interests and values, life goals and stage of life, and physical traits age being a marker of physical appearance. Why doesn't age matter to some? Many of the reasons proposed for age-gap couples have been largely rooted in evolutionary explanations, and focus on explaining older man-younger woman pairings.
From this perspective, it's thought men's preferences for younger women and women's preferences for older men relate to reproductive fitness. That is, the extent to which someone has "good genes" — indicated by their attractiveness and sense of energy also known as vitality — and the extent to which they are a "good investment" — indicated by their status and resources as well as their warmth and sense of trust. Although men and women place importance on a partner who is warm and trustworthy, women place more importance on the status and resources of their male partner.
This is largely because, with women being the child bearers, the investment is very high on their behalf time and effort in child bearing and rearing. So they are attuned to looking for a partner who will also invest resources into a relationship and family. But because the building of resources takes time, we tend to acquire resources later in life and so are older by the time we have acquired enough wealth and resources to comfortably provide for others. So, women's attunement to status and resources might explain why some women may be attracted to older men.
In contrast, there's evidence to suggest men value attractiveness and vitality more than women because, from an evolutionary standpoint, youth is seen as an indicator of fertility.
Given men cannot bear children, evolution suggests they're attuned to younger women to enhance the chances of partnering with someone who can provide children. But the evolutionary explanation is limited in that it doesn't explain why the reverse occurs an older woman-younger man pairingor why age gaps exist within same-sex couples. For this, socio-cultural explanations might provide insights. With more women working, in higher positions and being paid more, they no longer have such a reliance on men for resources.